Europe is known for encompassing many different nations and cultures across its vast landmass. European history goes back to prehistoric times, with several Paleolithic sites in Italy, Spain, and Bulgaria having been discovered. Early civilizations of Europe included the Minoans and the Mycenae, while the prominence of the Greeks and Romans still have lasting effects on cultures of today. Ancient Greece is considered to be the point of origin for Western civilization. Through the Renaissance period, tremendous discoveries in science, and developments in the arts occurred in Europe, making it a center for intelligence and learning.

europe street

Source: Stockphoto.com O#100058675151

Modern Europe

There are 50 countries in Europe, seven of which are transcontinental countries. European countries with areas in Western Asia are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey. Part of Cyprus is in Southwestern Asia, Kazakhstan is in Central Asia, and Russia lies in Northern Asia. Russia is the most populous country in Europe, and Vatican City is the least populous with only 900 residents.

These 50 European countries vary greatly in form of government, population, economy, communication opportunities, and trade. Therefore, this article considers these differences and important facts for Europe’s most eminent nations, starting with the most populous country, Russia.

Russia

Russia’s form of government is a semi-presidential federation. Its capital is Moscow. In 2017, Russia’s population was 142,257,519, making it the most populous country in Europe. Its 2017 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was $4 trillion. The composition of the GDP by sector of origin was agriculture (4.7%), industry (32.6%), and services (62.7%). In 2017, exports were $336.8 billion, and imports were $212.7 billion.

In 2017, Russia had 32,276,615 landline subscriptions, 231,393,994 mobile phones, and 108,772,470 internet users.

Germany

Germany is a federal parliamentary republic, and Berlin is its capital. In 2017, the estimated population was 80,594,017. Its GDP was $4.15 trillion, and the composition of the GDP by sector of origin was agriculture (0.6%), industry (30.1%), and services (69.3%). Exports were $1.401 trillion, and imports were $1.104 trillion. The country had 44,310,000 landline subscriptions, 94,432,800 mobile phones, and 72,365,643 internet users.

France

France is a semi-presidential republic, and Paris is its capital. In 2017, the estimated population was 67,106,161. Its GDP was $2,826 trillion, and the GDP composition by sector of origin was agriculture (1.6%), industry (19.4%), and services (78.9%). Exports were $541.3 billion, and imports were $576.3 billion. France had 39,006,000 landlines, 67,571,000 mobile phones, and 57,226,585 internet users.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom (UK) is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, a Commonwealth realm, and its capital is London. In 2017, the estimated population was 65,648,100. Its GDP was $2.88 trillion, and the GDP composition by sector of origin was agriculture (0.6%), industry (19%), and services (80.4%). Exports were $436.5 billion, and imports were $602.5 billion. The UK had 33,510,796 landlines, 78,529,373 mobile phones, and 61,064,454 internet users.

Italy

Italy is a parliamentary republic, and its capital is Rome. In 2017, the estimated population was 62,137,802 residents. Its GDP was $2.307 trillion, and the GDP composition by sector of origin was agriculture (2.1%), industry (24%), and services (73.9%). Exports were $499.1 billion, and imports were $426.7 billion. Italy had 20,267,172 landlines, 85,955,905 mobile phones, and 38,025,661 internet users.

Spain

Spain is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, and its capital is Madrid. In 2017, its estimated population was 48,958,159 people. Its GDP was $1.769 trillion, and the composition of the GDP by sector of origin was agriculture (2.6%), industry (23.2%), and services (74.2%). Exports were $301.5 billion, and imports were $333.4 billion. Spain had 19,557,141 landlines, 51,943,202 mobile phones, and 39,123,384 internet users.

Ukraine

Ukraine is a semi-presidential republic. Its capital is Kiev. In July 2017, Ukraine’s estimated population was 44,033,874 residents. Its GDP was $366.4 billion, and the composition of the GDP by sector or origin was agriculture (14%), industry (27.6%), and services (58.4%). Exports were $36.85 billion, and imports were $44.42 billion. Ukraine had 8,451,229 landlines, 56,717,856 mobile phones, and 23,202,067 internet users.

Poland

Poland is a parliamentary republic. Its capital is Warsaw. In July 2017, Poland’s estimated population was 38,476,269 inhabitants. Its GDP was $1.111 trillion, and the GDP composition by sector or origin was agriculture (2.4%), industry (40.2%), and services (57.4%). Exports were $221.4 billion, and imports were 221.8 billion. Poland had 9,345,000 landlines, 55,878,845 mobile phones, and 28,237,820 internet users.