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Events for Entrepreneurs to Attend in 2019

Events for Entrepreneurs - Speaker Conference

Entrepreneurs should be making an effort to attend as many events as possible each year. These events are helpful for industry insights, trends, networking, and giving you a leg-up over …Read More »

Why Inspiring Trust and Trusting Others are Important Leadership Skills

Business Men Shaking Hands Inspire Trust

To trust others and to inspire trust in others is a top trait to look for when finding a leader for your team. It’s not an easy thing to learn; …Read More »

Important Things to Know When Starting A Business

businessman looking at plan on blackboard

Starting a new business is an exciting venture and a constant learning experience. Undoubtedly, there will be lessons learned and mistakes made along the way. Still, there are rules every …Read More »

Types Of Digital Marketing For Your Small Business

digital marketing

Small businesses are known for being creative and finding organic approaches for expanding their company. Most times, those small companies became big once they harnessed the power of digital marketing …Read More »

Call To Action As An Art Form

call to action sign

Whether your main advertising platform is the internet, television, or printed publications, a call to action (CTA) is necessary to inspire audiences beyond viewing your materials to becoming active participants …Read More »

Is Twitter Still Necessary Business?


Social media is has become an essential tool to bring attention to your business, but the landscape of the virtual social scene can change quickly. There are numerous social media …Read More »

The Importance of Effective Project Management

Companies of all sizes should know the importance of proper project management. As C-level executives become busier than ever and deal with the many responsibilities of leadership, funding, and keeping investors happy, they simply do not have the energy or space to handle projects on a working level. However, they do hire managers for a range of tasks and get the job done.


The ultimate goal of a dedicated manager is to oversee a project from the very beginning to the end. Managers measure and identify the right requirements, establish clear goals, and ultimately help the business succeed.

Resource Managing

“Resources” is a broad term. This can include anything from the number of people working on a project to the set of tools you use to complete it. Ideally, project managers will already know which of the company resources are at their disposal and how to use them. When resource management is done the right way, nothing is ever wasted.

Managers should also know not to “overspend” on small projects. For instance, if a team spends company overtime attempting to complete an unimportant task; this ends up being wasteful in a variety of ways. They guide not only their own resources but an employee’s resources as well. Here are just a few other examples of areas that suffer:

  • Financial resources, such as cash
  • Software, hardware, or any technical tools needed
  • Equipment or machinery
  • Property, such as a land, or a building site

If a team member needs additional help, resources, or does not know how to complete a task on their list, it is the manager’s responsibility to provide what they need. For instance, a workspace, computer, and general office supplies.

Alternately, managers should have enough experience to know what puts a project at risk. So if something goes awry, managers know how to manage expectations and change timelines and resources accordingly. This allows them to anticipate potential issues before they ever occur. This is seen as a proactive process rather than a reactive one. The difference is that you’re preventing fires, not constantly putting them out.

Employee Managing

It’s not just the actual project that needs overseeing. Higher level managers keep people and teams united and focused on the same goals. This is because conflict between individuals can truly kill productivity. Those with previous managerial experience, no matter the industry, will tell you that the most effective ‘best practices’ will include communication between team members as well as clear milestones and defined roles.

Great managers know how to encourage others to collaborate, share, and engage in teamwork. This is a cornerstone of making sure everyone is on the same page. However, one of the most difficult aspects of being a project manager has to do with keeping people accountable. When a task is not completed on time, or an employee is constantly showing up late, this may negatively affect other individuals’ tasks, perhaps derailing the project altogether. And when a project fails, the manager must accept full responsibility.

A true leader also provides a vision for every team member. If employees work on tasks without knowing anything about the “big picture”, there’s little to no motivation for them to do their best.

Give them the right information on why they are doing the work to give them better focus, as well as excitement for its successful completion. Along those lines, managers can offer incentives for completing work before the deadline. Gift cards from a local restaurant, for instance, is an excellent way to show appreciation.

Client Managing

Even if managers are not doing much of the actual legwork themselves, they should still be familiar with the many talking points of a project. Communication is key here. Managers must be able to update other key players about resources, budgets, the timeline, and more. Those involved could include:

  • Employees
  • Vendors
  • Stakeholders
  • Clients
  • C-level Executives
  • Human Resources (HR)
  • And Others

Since there are many individuals involved, it’s best to have managers be the assigned “point” person so there is no confusion. In fact, it’s a common practice for those on this list to “check in” to ensure the company’s goals are being met. And while they don’t always need every detail, it’s still necessary to provide a thorough rundown when needed.

Client managing is one of the most vital parts of the lifecycle of a project. Managers can set the right expectations with regular phone calls, meetings, or email so they stay up to date.

Mostly clients need to know what exactly is being delivered, when it will be delivered, and all of the different costs involved. Since all businesses are different, keep a running list of items clients want to discuss and make it a point to talk about each one during a dedicated time together.

Many people see managers as middlemen, and employees can save a lot of time by having the right managers in place to execute daily functioning. For instance, if a stakeholder had a question about a software program, they should not have to contact the developer coding it. The manager should be able to address it. This way, the developer can continue work uninterrupted.

Managing Changes

Sometimes clients will refocus a project and unexpected changes will occur. Unfortunately, this can happen at any point in a working timeline. When this does happen, however, a manager should be able to take a step back and refocus the list of priorities. After discussing the changes with the client and team, they can map out a new timeline with expected delivery dates. If a team is stressed out, the manager needs to be able to reassess resources as well so that no one is overworked.

The Necessity of Accurate Reports

When it comes to numbers, clients do not appreciate vagueness. Reporting is another aspect of a project manager’s job. Reports help track progress and they give special insights as to what tasks require the most amount of time and resources. This information is also useful for when a team completes a similar project later on.
Finally, after everything is considered complete, a project manager does not necessarily deliver it automatically to the client. Sometimes they must act as a quality assurance agent to ensure it is actually deliverable in its entirety, and nothing was rushed or remains incomplete.

Are You Sleeping Enough?

It’s no secret that getting a good night’s sleep impacts your physical and mental health. Many recent studies have all concluded that there are links between insufficient sleep and heart disease, obesity, and even diabetes. These serious health risks come into effect if sleep loss occurs over the span of a lifetime.

If you just have one night of restful sleep, you feel the positive effects almost right away. There is a boost in terms of energy. You’re in a better mood and can think much more clearly. So, if you believe you’re ready to reap these benefits, it’s important to first determine if you’re getting enough sleep.

The National Sleep Foundation offers a range of articles describing all of these benefits and how to improve your current sleep cycle. They also explain facts about sleep disorders and how to combat them. The experts at the National Sleep Foundation recommend individuals get a certain number of hours of sleep each and every night. The number is based on your age:

  • Newborns aged 0-3 months: 14-17 hours
  • Infants aged 4-11 months: 12-15 hours
  • Toddlers aged 1-2 years: 11-14 hours
  • Preschoolers aged 3-5: 10-13 hours
  • Children aged 6-13: 9-11 hours
  • Teenagers aged 14-17: 8-10 hours
  • Young adults aged 18-25: 7-9 hours
  • Adults aged 26-64: 7-9 hours
  • Seniors aged 65+: 7-8 hours

Signs You’re Not Getting Enough Sleep

For those not following this guide on a regular basis, you will start feeling the symptoms in your daily life. Here are some of the more obvious signs of not getting enough sleep:  

  • If you tend to be forgetful, this is a common sign of sleep deprivation. In adults, a lack of sleep means that memories stay in the hippocampus region of the brain and are not able to reach the prefrontal cortex, which accounts for memory.
  • If you tend to be hungrier than normal. A decrease in sleep causes an imbalance of our hormones, including Leptin and Ghrelin. These hormones tell our bodies when to stop eating because we’re full.
  • If you read the same sentences over and over. This is due to a lack of concentration and ability to stay focused. This sign causes poor performance in the workplace because it takes longer to complete tasks.
  • If you tend to get angry or agitated. When normal, everyday conversations become an annoyance, your body is trying to tell you that you’re tired. People who don’t get enough rest do not handle conflict well.
  • If you’re “zoning out” or “spacing out.” This is especially true if it occurs during the daytime. This means you’re in “autopilot” mode and not concentrating on daily activities.
  • If you fall asleep too quickly. This is associated with narcolepsy, a disorder that causes you to fall asleep suddenly and unexpectedly. If you are showing symptoms of narcolepsy, it’s important to see your local healthcare provider right away. This is because narcolepsy can cause some potentially dangerous scenarios, such as falling asleep while driving.

Tips For Sleeping Well

Your body has a natural internal clock that gets tired when you don’t get enough rest. It might be difficult to realize when you’re tossing and turning at 2 AM, but you have much control over how you sleep. Once you’ve determined the number of hours needed each night, there are things you can do to make the experience better for yourself. Making simple changes to your daily routine has a profound impact on your sleeping habits. If you follow some of the following advice, you may find that you can’t wait to go to bed tonight!

  • If your schedule allows, try to get to sleep at the same time every single night. For example, set an alarm on your clock for 10 PM and try to stick to that time as closely as you can.
  • Feel free to take naps when needed, but don’t make them too long. By limiting them to about 20 minutes, you ensure that you’re not too rested, thus potentially ruining your nighttime sleep.
  • In the morning, if you are still feeling drowsy after waking up, expose yourself to natural sunlight for a few minutes or drink a glass of cold water. This will help you ease the transition a little better.
  • Avoid screens for at least an hour before bed. This includes smartphones, computers, or TV screens. This is because the blue light it emits disrupts sleep. However, this can be amended by downloading a smartphone app to minimize this type of blue light. If you need a stimulating activity before bedtime, try listening to music or an audiobook instead of a movie.
  • Once you head off to bed for the night, the room should be absolutely dark. Draw the curtains, or at least make sure the light from the window is blocked. Also, remember to cover up the light from your electronics. If this is not possible, use a comfortable sleep mask instead.
  • During the day, limit your caffeine and nicotine intake. This is important because caffeine causes sleep issues even 10 hours later! If you absolutely must have coffee, drink it in the morning, especially before noon.
  • Having a big meal right before bed, as well as eating spicy and acidic food, can cause indigestion, which is another interrupter of the sleep process. But if you want to have a snack, have something healthy, such as fruit. Drinking too many liquids also results in frequent bathroom trips, so try to limit your drinks before bed.
  • If the stress of daily life affects your sleep, many find that meditation and deep breathing is an effective means of relaxation. This allows you to put aside your busy schedule and refresh your brain for the next day. Simply close your eyes and take slow, deep breaths for a few moments.
  • If you take the time to make your bedroom comfortable, this is an unexpected and pleasant way to have a great night’s sleep. Try a different mattress setting for firmness and give yourself more support. Cozy pillows and blankets are also little additions that make a big difference. Making the experience feel more “luxurious” is another excellent way to ensure you go to bed the same time every night as well. Consider it a long-term gift to yourself, as taking care of your health should always be a top priority!

How to Develop Excellent Networking Skills

Developing effective networking skills is an important way to build your business or organization. Networking involves more than just attending mixers and local business meetings, though these can be useful. These tips will help you develop excellent networking skills and avoid the most common pitfalls when you’re developing business contacts.


Choose Your Goal

At the outset, it’s important to ask yourself what your goals are. That way you will pick network meetings that will help you achieve what you’re looking for. Networking groups can be quite diverse. For example, some may be focused on learning certain business skills, whereas others are intended specifically for making contacts.

Be Genuine

Remember that networking is about being genuine. Be sincere and work to build trust with the people you meet. Talk to your new contacts about how you can help them. Networking is not just about exchanging business cards, it’s about sharing ideas and skills, and building relationships based on mutuality.

Become a Volunteer

Not only does volunteering allow you an opportunity to meet new people within your community, it is also a great way to learn new skills and gain insight into different businesses and career situations. Additionally, you will gain satisfaction from knowing that you’re giving something back to your community.

Prior to an Event

Always be prepared when you attend a networking event. Bring along plenty of business cards and a small notebook and pen. Make sure you are fully aware of the nature of each particular event and think about what you expect from it. For example, do you want to make new contacts or to strengthen an existing relationship? Remember to ask the host about the dress code, some events may be business formal while others may be more casual. If you know in advance, it will ensure that you feel comfortable within the group.

Make sure you have a clear understanding of your role in business and how you can use your skills to help others. In order to get referrals, you must be able to articulate what you can do for the other people at your networking meetings. Also take some time to think about what you are looking for, and how people you meet may be able to help you.

During an Event

It’s best to arrive a little early when the group of attendees is still relatively small. Always enter the room with a smile so that others will find you easy to approach. Don’t isolate yourself among just the people you know; mingle and greet other attendees. When you meet a person for the first time, shake their hand. As you are talking to them, listen attentively and sum up your personal details succinctly. Make sure you say their name several times during the course of your conversation, this will help you hold their attention and to remember their names. Ask questions that will help you evaluate whether the person will be a useful contact for you and you for them. Try to spend no more than ten minutes talking to each person, this will give you time to circulate the room. Exchange business cards and take notes after you have finished talking to help you remember what each person has said.

After an Event

If you have collected a number of business cards from the networking event, make sure that you follow up with each person within 48 hours; otherwise, your new contacts are likely to forget who you are. If you want to strengthen your newly-forged relationships, call the individual and invite them to lunch. As you add future networking events, add some time in afterward in case you want to have a follow-up meeting with any new or current contacts.

Don’t expect too much too soon. Take plenty of time to establish each relationship through follow-up meetings or communications. If you try to rush or put pressure on contacts, you will lose them, and that may cost you other referrals down the road.

Common Networking Mistakes

Here is a rundown of some common networking pitfalls to avoid:

  • A lack of professionalism: Spend some time improving your brand image. Take a look at your website and social media platforms and make sure they express your professional persona.
  • Too much vagueness: Don’t fall into the trap of not being specific about your skills when you meet new contacts. Make sure they know exactly who you are and what you have to offer.
  • A Lack of Patience: Business relationships can be fragile things, particularly in the early stages of formation. Don’t be in a hurry to toss out your pitch. Be patient, and focus on the other person for a while and look for ways in which the two of you can connect.
  • A lack of politeness: You may be surprised to know that one of the most common mistakes in networking is forgetting to say thank you. Not expressing your gratitude can present a very negative impression and undermine all your hard work. This is a really simple way to keep things on the positive.
  • Insufficient face-to-face contact: While the internet is a convenient way to network, don’t underestimate the value of personal contact.
Are your Networking Skills Adequate?
  • Can you broaden the resources you already have?
  • Are you involved with networking groups that interest you, and where you can make a contribution?
  • Do you go to network meetings prepared?
  • Are you confident that you communicate well?
  • Do you follow up with new contacts within the first 48 hours?

If you answered no to three or more of these questions, you probably need to develop more effective networking skills. Consider how you can broaden your resources by finding out about different networking groups in your area.

Make sure you attend meetings equipped with your business cards and bring your passion and enthusiasm to the table. Be open to possibilities regarding what you get from the meeting. Don’t forget to follow up with contacts within the first 48 hours; or they are most likely to forget you.

2018 Trends in Mobile Technology

During 2017, mobile marketing became a major strategy for most companies. The main reason for this trend is that it enables small and medium-sized business to use resources that were formerly only available to global organizations. In spite of this convenient availability, many businesses are still reluctant to implement mobile technology. This may be because they lack sufficient information about the services, they have monetary constraints, or they do not see the benefits. However, companies who do not take advantage of mobile marketing are destined to not only lose money, but they risk giving their competitors the upper hand.


If you are a small business owner who is not yet implementing mobile technology, you can gain some insight by taking a look back over 2017 to see which mobile technologies were being most widely used. Whether you are a restaurant owner, a car mechanic, or a florist, mobile technology can benefit your business. What’s more, is that it’s not difficult to implement it into your business strategy for 2018, because these areas are expected to advance even further.

Mobile technology is impacting small businesses in a number of ways. Here are several examples:

  • Improving business: Thanks to mobile technology, you can improve your business in a cost-effective manner. Instead of spending hundreds of dollars on a piece of software, you can purchase an app that will do the same things for a lot less money.
  • Increasing business capabilities: Mobile technology allows you to conduct business wherever you are, on your phone or tablet. Add cloud computing to that, and you can also store or share information easily and conveniently.
  • Helping expansion: Mobile tech combined with cloud-based tools make it easier and more affordable than ever for you to scale your business. Tools like, Slack, PayPal, and Google Drive significantly reduce the time it takes for companies to expand internationally.
  • Making data accessible: Mobile technology puts data at your fingertips. These days your business can stay in touch with data in ways that would not have been possible just a few years ago. You can have easy access to your client accounts via live dashboards whether you’re at your desk or having a business lunch.
  • Enhancing communication: You can use mobile technology to keep your employees in touch with each other no matter where they are with easy-to-use apps like Slack. This type of service also presents a useful way to stay in touch with clients.
  • Retaining flexibility: The ability to work anytime, anywhere is a valuable asset these days for you and your employees, especially if you are part of the global market and you’re working in different time zones. Flexibility also helps keep your workforce happy.

Trends in Mobile Technology from 2017

Android Instant Apps

Android Instant Apps allow business owners to host app interfaces on their websites so that customers can use the app without having to download it to their mobile device. This means that consumers can use the app any time without having to commit to keeping it on their phone or tablet.

Artificial Intelligence

Adding AI to apps boosts their power and value significantly. AI-enhanced apps can adapt to whoever is using them. For example, personal assistant apps allow the user to ask for certain things such as searching for information, reading email, making a call, and finding a document.

Location Based Services

This type of service uses GPS data to control its features. For example, mobile apps can alert customers of offers and special events when they are close to your business. Promotional alerts can be created specifically for individual users based on their purchasing history and their personal preferences.

The Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) makes just about everything smart. This type of integration became a driving force in 2017. Streaming technologies are already available in many areas of daily life such as televisions, watches, and even coffee pots. Mobile apps are allowing consumers to control more and more aspects of their lives from the interface of their mobile device. In the business world, such a level of interconnectivity can be used to accumulate large amounts of data, which can help you become more aware of each of your customer’s needs.

Augmented Reality

Augmented reality makes information available through the use of an interface; usually by means of a mobile device. For example, a customer is refurbishing her kitchen and isn’t sure which appliances to buy. AR can help her to see what each different model would look like in her home.

Mobile Security

Security has become a critical issue for consumers, particularly because of the increased interest in data businesses from hackers. In an effort to combat these threats, mobile security software is rapidly advancing. It has to consistently protect the information which is required for mobile technology to run successfully. Due to constantly evolving threats, 2017 saw mobile security at the forefront of trending technology. As a business owner, mobile security is vital if you want customers to trust your systems.

What the Future Holds

In the coming year, these areas of mobile technology will continue to expand rapidly. One area to keep an eye on includes IoT, where you can expect to see an increase in wearable apps to help you control things in your environment.

Another upcoming trend is Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP). Lazy loading is always an issue because if a page takes too long to load, visitors will bounce. AMP speeds up page loading on mobile devices.

Mobile payments are becoming increasingly popular, and customers who are shopping online have been using internet banking for some time. With the introduction of Google Wallet and Apple Pay, this trend is stretching even further as more customers switch to mobile commerce.

To make shopping even easier, 2018 will see more use of biometrics such as fingerprints, voice ID, and facial recognition to verify your merchant identity. It will also add to the security of mobile payments.

On-demand apps will be even more in demand in 2018. Their ease of use and convenience is what makes them so popular for finding things like restaurants laundry services, taxi services, and food delivery.

2018 is sure to bring some interesting new developments to the realm of mobile technology. One this is for certain, consumers are ready to adapt and accept these changes as quickly as they arise.

What to do When you Make a Mistake with a Client

If you want your business to succeed, you know how important it is to provide quality service. But bear in mind that no matter how dedicated you are, accidents can still happen. You could be in the middle of working on a client’s project when your computer crashed, your distributor could have misplaced an order, or your billing department may have sent a client the wrong invoice. Now your client feels let down.


So what do you do now? One of the first things that comes to mind is to correct the problem so that you can prevent it from happening again with a different client. However, don’t just leave the disgruntled client hanging.

It pays to have a plan in place for when something like this happens so that if and when things do go wrong, you can fix them as efficiently as possible before you lose a client. What you should not do is to blame someone else to save your reputation, pass on a superficial solution to try and buy yourself extra time, or turn your back on the problem and hope it will go away. Remember, maintaining your integrity is important, and even if you’ve messed up, your client will respect your honesty.

What to do When You Make a Mistake

  • Accept it: There’s no point denying it, it’s not just going to disappear. You need to know exactly how and why this happened. Find out what your company promised your client, exactly what the client was expecting, and what the client got or did not get. Don’t make assumptions, talk to every member of your team who was involved in this transaction.
  • Don’t hide: If you find out about a mistake before your client does, be upfront about it and tell them. This can go a long way to restoring their confidence in you and increasing the possibility that they will use your business again.
  • Communicate: The first thing to do is to apologize. Then let the client know what you are doing to try to fix the problem. Let them know how long it will take you, and be realistic with your timeline. Always keep your word. If the client calls you and for some reason, you cannot answer, always return their calls promptly. If other team members have to answer the client’s calls, advise them how to do so.
  • Be empathetic: Put yourself in the client’s shoes. Don’t attack them even if they are angry, after all, it was you who made a mistake. If you take a fair approach to the client, you may even still be able to retain their business. You must re-earn their trust by fixing the problem promptly and continuing to deliver a great service.
  • Explain what went wrong: Don’t skimp on the details; your client deserves to know exactly what went wrong. Reassure your client that the situation is under control and that it will not happen again. Keep a positive tone but be realistic. Ask questions and be prepared to listen to what your client has to say.
  • Present options: Depending on the type of mistake and why it happened, the solution may not always be cut and dry. For this reason, it’s important to give your client some options. For example, you could offer a refund, an alternative service or a discount to make up for the impact of the error.
  • Maintain perspective: Sometimes it’s hard to keep a sense of perspective when you feel you’ve let your client, your team or yourself down. However, try to keep your reaction proportional to the mistake you’ve made; don’t make a mountain out of a molehill. Unless it’s a life or death situation, most mistakes can be corrected fairly quickly.
  • Create a protocol: Discuss the problem with your team. Learn from your mistake and create a strategy to deal with future mistakes. You may have to make some changes to the way your company functions, with the technology you are using, or within the structure of your personnel. Don’t be stubborn, be prepared to make adjustments to improve the quality of your service and reduce the risk of future errors. Make sure everyone is on the same page.

Mistakes to Avoid When Interacting With a Client

  • Assuming the client is always right: If your client is requesting a product or service that you feel does not meet their needs, tell them. This can prevent things going wrong before you deliver the goods. If you remain silent and just go along with it, you may get blamed later and lose the client and potential referrals.
  • Not handling criticism: If an unhappy client is offering fair criticism, take it on board and learn from it. This is not the time to get defensive. Research shows that 90 percent of dissatisfied clients switch to a different service provider. Try not to let your client walk away feeling that they should never have hired you in the first place. A disappointed client can cost you more than you may think.
  • Not maintaining regular contact with your clients: When you have completed a transaction with a client, don’t think your job is done. You need to contact them from time to time, even if it’s just to see how they are doing. Keep them abreast of new products and services which may benefit them.
  • Avoiding answering questions: If a client asks you a question and you are not sure of the answer, don’t avoid it, and don’t provide an answer that may not be accurate. Admit that you are not sure and explain that you will find out straight away. Don’t leave them hanging, do your research and get back to them as soon as you can. Communication counts for so much!

Mistakes will happen; no business can be run flawlessly. The important thing is to learn from your experiences and ensure that you don’t make the same mistake twice.

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The Best Office Pranks

For years practical jokes have been used as a way to welcome or “initiate” employees into a new or unfamiliar office environment. The great news is that harmless pranks are an excellent way to help promote camaraderie and an overall positive attitude in the workplace.

firecracker keyboard

When pranking is done the right way, it also helps more isolated or introverted people feel included. Whether you’re planning on a simple prank or a more elaborate prank, we’ve got some great ideas for you to try.

Office Pranks Using Common Household Items

Try the following pranks using only these simple items found around the house.

Wrapping paper: You will need at least a few hours to complete this prank, so try to accomplish this on their day off. Just take all of your leftover wrapping paper from the holidays and cover everything in their office. This includes the desk, chair, walls, and individual items such as the computer, stapler, and even pencil cup.

Add some colorful bows and ribbons for an extra bit of flourish. If you want to get creative, place “To” and “From” gift tags on each item, too. When your coworker returns to work after their short break, they will have plenty of “presents” to open. This prank is pretty popular around the holiday season, but it’s certainly funny any time of the year!

sticky notes on car prankSticky notes: For this prank, your office mate needs to be away from their car, truck, van, or other vehicle for a short while. While they are preoccupied, take sticky notes and place them over every inch of the car. It’s possible you will need at least a few hundred.

If you really want to leave a lasting impression, you can use one type of color for each part of the car – windshield, doors, windows, and roof. Create patterns or write a special message. Since sticky notes are lightweight and easy to remove, they won’t cause any damage to the vehicle at all.

Use just one sticky note: If you don’t have hundreds of sticky notes at your disposal, it’s possible to create the perfect prank with only one. Write the words “Voice Activated” on a note and stick it on an appliance in the kitchen. A toaster, microwave, or coffee maker will be perfect. If the item is new to the break room, even better! Employees will see the note and attempt to “command” the appliance into working.

Balloons: Enclosed offices or cubicles can easily be filled to the brim with balloons. Enlist the help of others to blow up the right amount of balloons in a short period of time.

Googly eyes: Purchase Googly eyes in bulk. Now you can decorate small items in the kitchen or shared space. Place them on appliances or items on your coworker’s desk. Or, take them to your boss’ office and redecorate their photos.

chia keyboard prankKeyboard Chia Garden: Even those without a green thumb can participate. Simply swap your coworker’s keyboard with an old one (can be purchased at thrift stores for a few bucks), and shake a little potting soil inside. Carefully spread the tiny Chia seeds in between the buttons. Spray a little water, add some sunshine, and in a few days, you will have a mini keyboard garden growing on your victim’s desk.

Office Pranks With Easy to Use Technology

Change their desktop background: To warn you ahead of time, your coworker may think there’s something wrong with their computer! First, access their computer and capture their current screen (just hold down the Control and Print Screen keys simultaneously). Then save the captured image. Next, go to their Control Panel and save that image as their desktop background. It will look exactly like their current desktop, but without the ability to click or open programs.

Use a Chrome extension: There is a Chrome extension called nCage that you can download to a coworker’s computer. This… unique extension changes every single image in your browser to Nicolas Cage. They may realize something is wrong pretty quickly after they visit a few websites.

Use Autocomplete: Enter funny words or phrases into Microsoft Word’s Autocomplete feature. There are a lot of possibilities for this prank. For example, every time they type their own name, you can automatically change it to “Fool”. For something a little more subtle, replace a word with a misspelling. For instance, change the word “Work” to “Werk.”

Change the screen orientation: This computer prank changes how you view the desktop screen entirely. Just go to the computer’s Control Panel, then select “Display”. There you can change the orientation settings by selecting “Landscape.” This flips the screen to a very confusing landscape view!

Use their mouse: If your boss or coworker has an optical mouse, place a tiny piece of Scotch tape over the bottom. The cursor will stop moving as a result.

Change their homepage: Another simple yet effective one. You can go into a person’s browser preferences and change their homepage to a website of your choosing. It’s better to pick a funny or ridiculous website instead of the company website. For some inspiration, try out this video.

Rules of Etiquette for Office Pranks

Finally, just a few rules. Pranks that go too far are no fun for anyone, so as long as you stick to some common etiquette, you shouldn’t have a problem.

  • Make sure no one can get hurt. If there’s a chance someone will fall or hit something because of your prank, this could result in a serious injury or a costly bill from the hospital. Just keep it safe.
  • If someone expressly says they don’t want to be pranked, try to respect that. Sometimes individuals don’t appreciate being tricked, and that’s okay. Keep these pranks between yourself and those who you think would enjoy it.
  • Don’t bring up serious subjects. If you are in a position of management and you prank employees by stating “You’re fired!,” “You’re getting relocated!,” or “You’re working over the weekend!” it might evoke a strong reaction. Try to maintain some sensitivity.
  • Be prepared for retaliation. If you prank others, you should definitely expect them to get creative and return the favor as well!

Five Customer Service Rules You Should Know

We may not realize it, but our lives are ruled by the companies that surround us. Whether we’re job seeking from our iPhones, sporting the latest sneakers from our favorite running shoe company, or rolling out our Lululemon yoga mat to get in some exercise for the day, we’re surrounded by brands. And when these brands don’t meet our needs or fulfill their promise, we turn to their corporate number for help resolving the issue. Often, our only point of contact with these companies is with their customer service representatives.


A strong, positive customer service experience often leads to repeat business, referrals, and loyal customers. Dealing with a cranky customer service representative can tarnish a company’s reputation, customer by customer, regardless of how good their product is. Here are some surprising statistics about customer service and its effect on customers:

  • 78% of consumers have, at some point, bailed on a purchase because of poor service.
  • After one negative experience, a customer needs to experience an average of 12 positive experiences to reverse their negative impression of a company.
  • People share negative customer service experiences 2.3 times more often than they share positive customer service experiences.
  • It is 6-7 times more expensive to acquire a new customer than to keep existing ones.
  • Consumers reported that 50% of the time, their questions were not answered by customer service agents.
  • 75% of consumers think it takes too long to get to a real agent on the phone, and 67% of customers last year hung up the phone out of frustration on this specific issue.
  • 70% of buying experiences are based on how the customer is feeling.
  • 81% of companies considered to have excellent customer service are outperforming their competitors.

What all of this means is that companies who put the effort into developing an excellent customer service team reap the rewards. They outperform competitors, save on customer acquisition, keep their names out of the negative reviews, and get more repeat business.

Even if your company has a reputation for having awful customer service, it’s never too late to turn it around. Here is a list of the five most important customer service rules to instill in your customer service team-members, and frankly in employees throughout your organization:

  1. Every Single Interaction Matters – No Exceptions. If you’re tired or having an off day, when the phone rings or an email pops up, you have to be able to turn it on. As a customer service representative, it’s important to remember that YOU are the face of the company to this customer.
  2. You represent the entire organization. You alone are responsible for how they feel when they walk away from the conversation. You have the power to make or break this person’s day.
  3. No Such Thing as “Not my Job” – Most companies known for their strong customer service instill an organization-wide mandate that no person is too good for a particular job. If help is needed, employees pitch in for the greater good of the company. Creating this sense of community and mutual reliance makes each team member feel supported and able to effect change.
  4. Autonomy and Empowerment- When customer service representatives are trusted to make decisions on their own regarding customer requests (refunds, compensations, giveaways, etc.), this sense of autonomy makes them feel able and excited to help. Rather than putting a customer on hold to “check with their manager,” an agent can decide if, when, and how much to give to keep a customer happy. Allowing employees the chance to get creative can also result in huge benefits. Empower your people to do good work, and they will!
  5. Incentive – As much as we hope to find a job we enjoy so much that we would do it for free, this isn’t the reality of work for most of us. So,
  6. incentivize your employees! Offer customer service representatives a bonus or reward for positive customer feedback. When incentives are combined with a good company culture, employees show greater workplace satisfaction.
  7. Listen – One of the most frustrating things when you’re on the phone with a customer service representative is repeating yourself over and over again, and getting the same response. Good customer service representatives know how to listen, and actually hear what you are saying, and then respond accordingly and appropriately. Feeling heard is often the only thing we really need when we feel a company has fallen short or taken advantage of us. To feel heard can often validate a disgruntled customer, and soften their feelings of anger.

These five rules of customer service will help you build customer loyalty, avoid losing sales and build a good reputation for your product and company name. These aren’t hacks or tactics, they are consistent behaviors that the company and individual employee have to live by each and every day. There isn’t a shortcut for excellent work, but by putting in the effort to train your staff to listen, make decisions, and be empathetic, you will see the reward in your profits.

There are countless instances where companies go above and beyond for their customers and made lasting positive customers for life. One customer service representative ordered a pizza to the office of the man she was on the phone with because she overheard employees in the back say that they were hungry. An airline passed out free tickets to over a dozen passengers for answering trivia questions correctly. A representative from a shoe company sent flowers to a woman after hearing that she was undergoing health issues – AND she upgraded the woman to VIP customer status for life, for free.

There are dozens of stories like these online – proof that a little bit of kindness and extra care go a long way with customers. Answering the phone and being ready to handle anything on the other end with grace and understanding is something that can never be replaced. When it comes to customer service, maintaining this understanding of your customer can be enormous in not only acquiring customers but retaining them as for years to come.

The 7 Different Types of Managers – Which are you?

When you’re first thrown into a management position, how do you handle workflow, delegation, and conflict resolution? Managers have different styles for taking on some of the more difficult aspects of leadership while others “let things be.” But how do you know which style is right for your team?

Quality leadership involves finding a balance between knowing when to be “tough” on team members with deadlines and when to offer flexibility.

Effective managers know how to improve efficiency and morale at the same time, and when it’s done right, top executives and bosses notice. To help you find ultimate career success, here are the 7 different types of managers and how you can decide which is best for you.

1. Autocratic

This one is considered the most “old-fashioned,” so we’ll get this out of the way right at the beginning. This is a leader who is in complete control over everyone else, leaving little room for flexibility or input from others.

There are benefits to this style. Decisions are made rather quickly, and deadlines are more likely to be met. Resources and instructions are very clear and there is little to no confusion in following orders. This doesn’t mean that ongoing training and education isn’t provided for workers, however, and it also doesn’t mean they don’t have opportunities to grow.

Unless there is a special circumstance, any instructions given by autocratic leaders should be followed to the letter. In many cases, this truly could mean the difference between life or death. For instance, when a Head Surgeon is giving directions to a surgical student there is absolutely no room for error or veering outside of the strict structure of the requirements. Employees who seek creative positions are far less likely to respond to autocratic leadership.

Who uses the autocratic management style?

  • High ranking military officers
  • Police officers or first responders
  • Medical professionals overseeing students or nurses
  • Leaders in manufacturing and heavy industry

2. Affiliative

For a business to be truly productive, there must be a certain amount of trust in a fellow co-worker. In opposition to autocratic managers, affiliative managers are more relationship-focused. They are best at resolving issues or conflicts between team members and keeping up employee morale.

Affiliative managers are also good at recognizing the skillsets of each individual. So if a project goes off the rails, this type of manager can identify what tasks a person is best at and assign new roles or responsibilities as needed.

Extroverts particularly thrive in building relationships in the office. They know how to guide others through stressful situations to preserve a harmonious and happy work environment.

Who uses the affiliative management style?

  • Human resources managers
  • Therapists, counselors, and psychiatrists
  • Mediators

3. Coaching

Coaches aren’t just for athletics. Professionals know how to use coaching techniques in the workplace to bring out an employee’s natural strengths.

This style relies much on encouragement, but also plenty of feedback as well. Sometimes an individual needs to know where they can improve performance, and a coach can skillfully explain where a person went wrong and how they can make it right in the future.

For this management style to truly work, employees must be willing to learn, change, and try new things. Otherwise, coaches will face pushback or even defiance.

Who uses the coaching management style?

  • Any management position that requires training employees
  • A “life coach” or personal development coach
  • An athletic coach or personal trainer
4. Democratic or Participative

This style of management involves everyone. Democratic leaders allow each team members’ voice to be heard at work.

This style allows for the highest level of feedback from workers. There are many ways to do this, including brainstorming sessions on how best to complete a task. When used occasionally, it is very effective. However, when used too frequently, a lot of time is wasted in the discussion process instead of actually accomplishing anything.

The concept of teamwork is key here. Ultimately, however, it is the manager who has a final say in all decisions, usually lending itself to the majority. Democratic leaders often find that this allows for more loyalty from the group.

Who uses the democratic or participative management style?

  • Office supervisors or coordinators
  • Branch leader or team leader
  • Operations manager
5. Pacesetting

Pacesetting follows the concept of “leading by example.” In this setting, managers set a high standard for employees by working hard and meeting the needed deadlines themselves.

If not done correctly, pacesetting can lead to a poor work ethic or a decline in company culture. This is because employees must work at a certain “pace.” Instead, these managers should set clear, but achievable short term and long-term goals.

More than that, it is vital to prevent the “burnout” and high turnover rates that sometimes occur when this is put into practice. Healthy work schedules and balance gives the best results for pacesetting.

Who uses the pacesetting management style?

  • Managers who oversee sales positions
  • Team leaders in retail and food service
  • Directors in hospitality
6. Visionary

Do you like to inspire others? You might be a visionary. Visionary leaders motivate their teams to perform well. They accomplish this through the concept of making work meaningful for their employees. Because everyone is working towards a shared vision for the company as a whole, this empowers everyone involved.

Those who use this style should use caution and pair a visionary style with real, tangible goals and timelines. This keeps employees grounded and rooted in the company’s expectations as well as goals for success for the future.

Who uses the visionary management style?

  • CEOs and other C-level executives
  • Learning and development managers
  • Public speakers or presenters
7. Laissez-faire

If there was a style that was a perfect opposite of autocracy, it’s Laissez-faire or “hands-off” management. In this case, the leader is more like a mentor than a true manager.

Laissez-faire is all about delegation and allowing your team members to step up and make decisions for themselves. While there is little guidance, Laissez-faire managers must also provide the needed tools for success.

While this is the most “relaxed” form of management and is popular among workers, researchers say that this is also one of the least productive methods of leadership.

Who uses the Laissez-faire management style?

  • Startup companies
  • Creative firms, such as advertising agencies
  • Leaders in art, photography, and graphic design

Facebook Targeting The Younger Generation With Their New Messenger App

Every parent’s worst nightmare just came true, thanks to Facebook. With the social media giant launching their latest app targeted at children as young as six, there have been huge debates around the world. While most technology companies do not usually make products with children under 13 in mind, Facebook hopes to be the first to have an app for kids aged six to 12. However, is this good news for everyone?


Known as Messenger Kids, the just-launched app from Facebook goes where no other technology company has gone before. Many older children and a huge portion of the adult population are already on Facebook, so the company has decided to target those not yet on the social media platform: younger children.

This, many say, is a clever way of introducing children as young as six to social media and increasing the followers of Facebook.
Enabling children access to a messaging app does seem like a good way to help them adopt technology in a healthy way, though not everyone is pleased with the launch. A large number of parents have expressed unease at the company targeting young children. Is there truly any reason for this?

What Does Messenger Kids do?

The newest app from the stable of Facebook is much like its standard messaging app, but more limited in scope. Children can text and video chat, and they can add filters or playful drawings to the photos they send. According to Facebook, all filters and animations are age-appropriate.

However, children have minimal control over how they use the service. Children using the app need to have a Facebook account set up by their parents, who also enter the information of the child into the app and select the people the child chats with on the app. The child also needs to be friends with their parents on Facebook in order to use the app.

Facebook stated that the whole purpose of Messenger Kids is to provide children with a “more controlled environment” for social and digital activities. Children already use the mobile devices of their parents, so the company decided to come up with technology meant for kids. The company also said that it has spent several months talking to parenting groups, child behavioral experts, and safety organizations to ensure the app is not only stellar but also very safe for kids to use.

Aside from using the service to chat and send photos and videos, children themselves have no control over the app. Children will not be searchable within the app and parents have to approve every new contact request. Facebook says this will keep parents informed about who their kids are talking to while also giving them a controlled amount of freedom.

Facebook has also added that the information collected from kids will not be used for marketing purposes, and child accounts will not be automatically be converted to adult accounts when the user turns 13. The company believes such monitored usage of the app will help children adapt well to technology and enable them to use social media more responsibly as adults.

What’s the Debate About?

Parents and child experts have obvious reasons to be wary of young children using social media. While most parents think that Facebook will only intrude into young lives with this new app, others believe that children’s access to technology is inevitable and will happen sooner rather than later. Besides, there’s the concern about children giving out personal information, which hackers and cyber criminals could use for unethical purposes.

Not too many companies have ventured into the kids market. This is because of the federal law (Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act, known as COPPA) that requires services targeted at children to get verifiable parental consent for collecting, using, or disclosing personal information (photos, videos, contacts, messages, location, etc.) from a child under 13. Since most companies do not want the additional hassle of obtaining parental consent, they do not make services aimed at children under 13. And yet, here’s Facebook being brave with an app targeted towards six-year-olds. Clearly, they understand the barriers and see the benefits that are possible.

Many parents think there’s already too much technological interference in their kids’ lives. Whether it’s the TV or the mobile phone, or the Internet, kids today spend a heaping amount of time in front of screens. However, because the internet has permeated every aspect of our lives, it only makes sense to offer options for those parents and children who see the positives in controlled exposure to social media.

There’s a massive amount of evidence that proves the harmful effects technology has on kids. Scientific evidence shows that children who use social media for more than three hours a day are more prone to suffering from mental illness like depression and anxiety. The social skills and abilities to actively listen and show empathy are also affected by the excessive use of social media and technological devices. Because of studies such as those that have shown the negative effects of excessive screen time, parents really have to make informed decisions about what kinds of limits they place on their kids’ usage of social media.

These days, there is the added danger of cyber-crime and cyber bullying. Children are vulnerable and often expose personal information that could be used for unethical purposes. This poses a huge risk and can get children embroiled in unknown dangers. Children are also keen to develop unrealistic expectations from others when their social skills are affected. Since there is no physical communication involved in social media, it can be difficult for kids to learn how to interact with others in real life if they are too dependent on technology as their social life.

The question is: do kids aged six to 12 need a messaging app? The answer is no. They meet friends at school and spend a large part of their day with them. They do not need to chat with them online when they are home from school. They need to spend time outdoors, actively engaged in sports and other activities, spend time being productive doing things like walking their dog, and of course, doing their homework!

Children most importantly should be using their time to interact with their parents and peers, focusing on their studies, and engaging in other constructive activities. However, when it comes to leisure and free time, they should be able to use social media, at the discretion of their parents, if they deem it a worthy option for entertainment.

Although Facebook has claimed that it will not share the information collected from kids with its marketing and advertising partners, only time will tell if this is entirely true. The app is part of Facebook and the company states in its privacy policy that the information collected from users can be used for marketing purposes.

What’s Next?

The Messenger Kids app has been launched in a preview mode on Apple’s iOS devices and will be made available to more people in the coming months. If the app is successful, then Facebook is set to reap more profit and most likely gain some new users.

How to get a Canadian Phone Number

Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy. However, its constitution recognizes the king or queen of the United Kingdom as its Head of State. The Head of Government is Prime Minister Justin Pierre James Trudeau, and Governor General Julie Payette represents the Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II. Canada is located in North America, its capital is Ottawa, and the administrative divisions include 10 provinces and three territories*: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon*.

The estimated population of Canada in 2017 was 36,708,100. Also in 2017, there were 14,987,520 fixed telephone lines (i.e., landlines) and 30.45 million cell phones.

Global Call Forwarding

Global Call Forwarding sells the largest selection of local, mobile, and toll free numbers in Canada. The numbers have instant activation with commitment. The local and mobile numbers are SMS optional.

These numbers work as follows:

  • Your customer dials the number.
  • Global Call Forwarding routes the call to your phone anywhere in the world.
  • You receive the call on your phone or business telephone system.

All of these numbers are toll free to callers.

Buying a number is a straightforward process, as follows:

  1. Select Canada as the country.
  2. For a toll free number, select a prefix and then select a number.
  3. For a geographic number, select a locale, choose the SMS capability if desired, select a city, and select a number.

Global Call Forwarding offers local and mobile numbers in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland & Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.

Area Code Chart

The following graphic is an area code chart for Canada. An overlay is an area code that covers a region currently assigned to other area codes.

Population and Telephone Usage in Provinces and Territories

The subsequent paragraphs discuss each province or territory, its population, landline estimate, and cell phone estimate. The basis for the telephone estimates is configured by the provinces or territories’ percentage of Canada’s population multiplied by the total number of landlines or cell phones.


Alberta lies east of British Columbia, west of Saskatchewan, and south of the Northwest Territories. To the south, it borders the US state of Montana. Its capital is Edmonton, and its largest city is Calgary. Tourist destinations in Alberta include Banff, Canmore, Drumheller, Jasper and Sylvan Lake. Alberta’s 2017 population was 4,286,100, and it had 1,749,968 landlines and 3,555,394 cell phones.

British Columbia

British Columbia borders the Pacific Ocean and Alaska to the west, Alberta to the east, Yukon and the Northwest Territories to the north, and the US states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana to the south. Its capital is Victoria, and its largest city is Vancouver. British Columbia has a diverse economy with service industries dominating its GDP. Its 2017 population was 4,817,200, and it had 1,966,811 landlines and 3,995,950 cell phones.


Manitoba borders Saskatchewan to the west, Ontario to the east, Nunavut to the north, Hudson Bay to the northeast, and the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south. Winnipeg is Manitoba’s capital and largest city. Agriculture, energy, forestry, mining, oil, and tourism dominate Manitoba’s economy. Its 2017 population was 1,338,100, and it had 546,332 landlines and 1,109,977 cell phones.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick borders Quebec to the northwest and the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. The isthmus of Chignecto connects New Brunswick to Nova Scotia on the east. The Bay of Fundy is to the southeast, and the US state, Maine, is to the southwest. New Brunswick’s capital is Fredericton, and its largest city is Moncton. Its economy depends upon agriculture, fisheries, forestry, mining, and tourism. Its 2017 population was 759,700, and it had 310,177 landlines and 630,184 cell phones.

Newfoundland and Labrador

The province of Newfoundland and Labrador consists of Labrador on the mainland and the Island of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean. Labrador borders Quebec to the southwest with the Atlantic Ocean on all other sides. Newfoundland Island lies southeast of Labrador. St John’s, on Newfoundland Island, is the capital of the province and its largest city. The economy depends upon mines and quarries in Labrador, oil production from offshore platforms, the fishing industry; in Newfoundland, there are paper and lumber mills and agriculture.

Tourism is also important during the months of June through September. The province’s 2017 population was 528,800, and it had 215,903 landlines and 438,649 cell phones.

Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories border on Yukon Territory to the west, the Beaufort Sea and Arctic Ocean to the north, Nunavut Territory to the east, and the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the south. Its capital and largest city is Yellowknife. Its economy depends upon its natural resources, which include gold, diamonds, natural gas, and petroleum. The Northwest Territories’ 2017 population was 44,500, and it had 18,169 landlines and 36,914 cell phones.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia lies southeast of New Brunswick, and water surrounds the Nova Scotia peninsula: the Gulf of St Lawrence to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of Maine to the southwest, and the Bay of Fundy to the west. Nova Scotia’s capital and largest metropolitan area is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the world’s largest exporter of Christmas trees, lobsters, gypsum, and wild berries. Other sectors of its economy include defense and aerospace, the film industry, tourism, information and communications technology, and Michelin tires.

The province’s 2017 population was 953,900, and it had 389,467 landlines and 791,276 cell phones.


Nunavut Territory constitutes the major portion of northwest Canada and of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. It borders the Northwest Territories to the southwest, Manitoba to the south, Hudson Bay to the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Its capital and largest city is Iqaluit. Mining, along with oil and gas exploration dominate the economy, which also depends upon arts and crafts, hunting, fishing, whaling, and the New Canadian High Arctic Research Station. The territory’s 2017 population was 38,000, and it had 15,515 landlines and 31,522 cell phones.


Ontario is the most populous province in Canada. It is home to Canada’s capital, Ottawa. Toronto is the provincial capital and its largest city. Manitoba lies west of Ontario, and Hudson Bay and James Bay are to the north. Quebec is to the northeast and east, and five US states, Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York are on Ontario’s southern border. Ontario’s economy includes manufacturing, power generation, natural resources, and auto production. The largest single employer in the national capital region is Canada’s Federal Government. The province’s 2017 population was 14,193,400, and it had 5,795,012 landlines and 11,773,669 cell phones.

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PEI) is the smallest province in land area and population. However, it is the most densely populated province at 25.25 persons per square kilometer. Its largest city and capital is Charlottetown. PEI lies in the Gulf of St Lawrence north of the Nova Scotia peninsula. Agriculture, the fishery, and tourism are the basis of its economy. The province’s 2017 population was 152,000, and it had 62,060 landlines and 126,087 cell phones.


Quebec is the only province with a predominantly French-speaking population. Its capital is Quebec City, and its largest city and metropolitan area is Montreal. Natural resources, aerospace, information and communications technology, biotechnology, and the pharmaceutical industry drive Quebec’s economy. Quebec borders: to the west, Ontario, James Bay, and Hudson Bay. At the north, Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay, to the east, the Gulf of St Lawrence and Newfoundland and Labrador. To the south, Quebec borders New Brunswick and the US states of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, and New York. The province’s 2017 population was 8,394,000, and it had 3,427,179 landlines and 6,962,967 cell phones.


Saskatchewan is a landlocked province with Alberta to the west, Northwest Territories to the north, Manitoba to the east, and the US states, Montana and North Dakota, to the south. Its capital and largest city is Saskatoon. Saskatchewan’s has a diverse economy. Service industries account for 41.3%. The remainder of the economy includes mining and petroleum (13.0%), wholesale and retail trade (11.7%), transportation, communications, and utilities (9.1%), manufacturing (7.7%), agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting (6.8%), construction (5.1%), and other (5.3%). The province’s 2017 population was 1,163,900, and it had 475,208 landlines and 965,475 cell phones.


Yukon borders Alaska to the northwest, the Beaufort Sea to the north, the Northwest Territories to the east, and British Columbia to the south. Whitehorse is its capital and only city, although there are also seven towns: Carmacks, Dawson, Faro, Haines Junction, Mayo, Teslin, and Watson Lake. Yukon’s economy consists of mining, tourism, manufacturing of furniture, clothing, and handicrafts, hydroelectricity, and trapping and fishing. The territory’s 2017 population was 38,500, and it had 15,719 landlines and 31,936 cell phones.